Arizonas Legalization Of Marijuana Has Positive Implications In New Mexico
Voters in New Mexico cast their ballots Tuesday, and the result was a very narrow majority for the state Senate and a slight expansion of the state House of Representatives. Voters in neighboring Arizona voted to legalize recreational cannabis, something the new Mexican legislature failed to push through after years of attempts. The proposal includes a sunset clause and will allow medical cannabis dispensaries to sell legalized cannabis for recreational use, while the new Mexican legislation will complete itself during the regular legislative period. Arizona may be the only state in the US with a legal recreational marijuana market, but it is still a long way from legalization.
Whether social, restorative justice, or tax revenues are the most important is a matter of opinion among advocates themselves, but most agree that it is imperative for New Mexico lawmakers to legalize recreational and cannabis use next year if they are to achieve parity with neighboring Western states. Legalization efforts have stalled in the Senate, which has jurisdiction over many issues, including cannabis. There seems to be no doubt that the landscape in politics in New Mexico is changing, with seven new members and voters speaking out loud and clear, "Wirth said.
One of the issues we are very conscious of is that we are not missing the opportunity to make progress in recreational cannabis.
I think this part is connected with neighboring countries, certainly, but not in the same way as the rest of the country.
We have the opportunity to exploit new industries that can help diversify our economy and create many jobs, especially across borders, "Wirth said. One of the main advantages of legalizing cannabis in New Mexico and other states is that it draws more money from tourism. Colorado has seen a significant increase in tourism revenue in 2018, according to a study released in 2019. The study found that many tourists spend more time in states with legal cannabis, and according to the Colorado Department of Tourism, more than half of all tourists in the state that has legalized cannabis travel to Colorado. Wirth says, however, that there is a missed revenue opportunity when New Mexicans travel to states like Colorado, where cannabis is legal and spending money.
This is an important time because without it we will miss further economic consequences in our future dealings with our sister country.
One of the things that's very important to me is to work on really presenting different versions of competing ideas and getting people into the room and trying to somehow figure out a plan, "Wirth said. The aim, however, is to find common ground with the supporters and to bring the competing bills together in a joint effort. He said there are some who have said they could look at a legalization bill and support it through the Senate.
In the 2019 session, a group of Republican senators introduced a bill to legalize cannabis, which included a provision requiring that cannabis be sold from state-run businesses. A compromise was reached and the two bills were merged into a House bill, but the legislation did not get out of comitology. In the 2020 legislative period, there will be two bills on the legalization of recreational activities, which are almost identical.
But for some lawmakers, the sticking point is whether the legalization law is about fairness or restorative justice. There are a number of possibilities to speculate on whether lawmakers might vote for legalization next year, including taxing recreational cannabis use. The next legislative term will be crucial because lawmakers want higher revenues from cannabis, said Miguel Angel Mancera, a political science professor at the University of New Mexico.
He also said that a rushed bill to legalize cannabis could be completely wrong without considering the legal implications of previous drug laws. In addition, Kaltenbach said, the 2022 session will last 30 days and address budget issues, making it difficult to pass a comprehensive legalization law. If New Mexico lawmakers don't approve legalization in 2021, he says, it will be like Arizona this year. Don't miss this opportunity, "said Kaltenbach, a political science professor at the University of Arizona and a member of the state Cannabis Policy Commission.
Kaltenbach said the Drug Policy Alliance would not support a measure to legalize cannabis that did not take into account the criminal justice issues of those convicted under previous drug laws. Just "warned against rushing to pass a legalization measure and enshrining it in social justice.
D - Albuquerque, said similar things when he addressed the New Mexico chapter of the Drug Policy Alliance, the country's largest anti-drug lobby group. Martinez has been at the forefront of the House legalization effort, saying in the podcast that her main goal is to reverse the negative effects of the war on drugs she sees. She said she has seen the impact of the war, particularly in communities of color, through incarceration and criminalization.
It is therefore important that social justice is at the forefront of legalizing cannabis, she said. Candelaria, a medical cannabis patient, said any legalization law that does not address social issues is a breach of contract. I have no choice but to vote no until these very difficult questions are fully considered and considered and an answer is proposed, "Candelaria said, according to the New Mexico Times.
One of the biggest concerns for existing medical cannabis patients in New Mexico will probably be the protection of the current medical program if the recreational use of cannabis is legalized. Kaltenbach said that failure to ensure that there is enough cannabis for patients could lead to patients not getting their medications. He also warned: "We've seen what happened in Illinois where there was a rush to products on the first day, where more demand than supply ended up, which can really hurt patients," he said.
This is not a race for Arizona; it is a battle for smart, thoughtful laws and regulations that will support a new industry that responds to New Mexicans and invests in our communities.
Still, he said New Mexico could put money on the table for real legalization: "Cannabis is legal in Arizona because that state has decriminalized it. Last month, the state Department of Health relaxed its restrictions on the purchase of medical cannabis for medicinal purposes. In October, a Santa Fe state district judge ordered the DOH to increase the number of patients the department can treat.
In other words, someone with a medical cannabis permit in another state can become a joint patient in New Mexico. States like California and Oklahoma have few or no restrictions on becoming medical cannabis patients, as does New Mexico. The judge's ruling in October also means that New Mexicans who cannot receive medical treatment - cannabis cards can apply for approval online through California's medical program. But there are restrictions for patients who have already obtained a permit for the use of medical cannabis outside the state's jurisdiction.
Albuquerque-based attorney Patricia Monaghan, who specializes in cannabis law, sees it as a loophole that only some will exploit. With legalization, we see a relaxation of the rules of reciprocity, "she said.
I don't think many people will do that because it's not a big deal, "Monaghan said, according to the New York Daily News.
Monaghan said he thinks the ruling is actually an incentive to push for legalization in the state, and he thinks the loophole would help patients who suffer symptoms that are not on the list of qualifying diseases. He said he had been tested to obtain medical cannabis approval under the California medical program. I found a website, spoke to a doctor in California for 15 minutes And they're going to send me their license for $40, "Monaghan said, according to the New York Daily News. But I think we have to move on and think that this ruling is actually a further incentive to push for the legalization of this state.
Currently, the only taxes associated with the sale of medical cannabis are gross revenues, which vary between 5 and 10 percent depending on the county and municipality. Economist Kelly O'Donnell told the NM Political Report that New Mexico could see as much as $100 million in tax revenue in its first year of legal cannabis sales, according to the New York Daily News. The small revenues the state sees could disappear if the Supreme Court decides to hear the case and determines that the sale of medical cannabis should not be taxed. There is a pending case before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit over whether or not medical marijuana should be exempt from the gross income tax.
The reality is that it's getting a lot more complicated, "New Mexico Attorney General Hector Balderas said, according to the Albuquerque Journal.
For the whole state to benefit from cannabis, there must be some kind of tax revenue, otherwise, legalization will not benefit us. We really need to include a pretty substantial path in our cannabis recovery law. I suspect the takeaway message would be that if we were to consider a market for legal recreational use based on revenue, we would not get there by simply relaxing the rules on medical cannabis, "O'Donnell said. O'Connell said legalization is unlikely to come close to being possible without a significant increase in tax revenue from the sale of cannabis in the state.